The temple consists of nine stacked platforms, six square and three circular, topped by a central dome. It is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. The central dome is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues, each seated inside a perforated stupa. The entire series of reliefs in Borobudur are contain the teachings of Buddhism. At that time, the building of Borobudur were limelight and it was worshiped as a sacred building.
Borobudur lay hidden for centuries under layers of volcanic ash and jungle growth. The facts behind its abandonment remain a mystery. It is not known when active use of the monument and Buddhist pilgrimage to it ceased. Sometime between 928 and 1006, King Mpu Sindok moved the capital of the Medang Kingdom to the region of East Java after a series of volcanic eruptions; it is not certain whether this influenced the abandonment, but several sources mention this as the most likely period of abandonment. Since its re-discovery in the 19th century and restoration in the 20th century, it has been brought back into a Buddhist archaeological site.
Borobudur Temple Compounds is an outstanding example of Indonesia’s art and architecture from between the early 8th and late 9th centuries that exerted considerable influence on an architectural revival between the mid-13th and early 16th centuries.
Laid out in the form of a lotus, the sacred flower of Buddha, Borobudur Temple Compounds is an exceptional reflection of a blending of the very central idea of indigenous ancestor worship and the Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana. The ten mounting terraces of the entire structure correspond to the successive stages that the Bodhisattva has to achieve before attaining to Buddhahood.
images credit: https://commons.wikimedia.org
Borobudur built in the style of Mandala which symbolizes the universe in Buddhist teaching. This structure is square shaped with four entry point and a circular center point. Working from the exterior to the interior, three zones of consciousness are represented, with the central sphere representing unconsciousness or Nirvana.
Zone 1: Kamadhatu
The phenomenal world, the world inhabited by common people.
Zone 2: Rapudhatu
The transitional sphere, humans are released from worldly matters.
Zone 3: Arupadhatu
The highest sphere, the abode of the gods.
Large cities with international flights near Borobudur are Semarang and Yogyakarta. Both cities serve flights from Kuala Lumpur and Singapore, but Yogyakarta is closer to Borobudur (45.5 km) than Semarang (90 km). Another city nearby Borobudur is Magelang (18 km) which has a direct bus route to Borobudur. Major railway hub also only present in Yogyakarta and Semarang. Semarang also has a large port (Tanjung Mas) serving international cruise ships.